The connection between leadership and ethics typically is focused on describing the right behavior to those who want to be considered by others ethical leaders. Then these leaders are expected to do those ethical leadership behaviors. This is regarded as Normative Ethical Action theory.
Alternatively, moral behavior can also be framed or understood through prosocial behaviors. There is a host of human values that motivate human behavior, among them is the human value empathy. When a leader has empathy aroused and acts altruistically, they can be correctly labeled a prosocial leader. Each of these leaders goes through a developmental process.
The beginning of every prosocial act, according to David Batson, begins when empathy is aroused within the individual. At this point the individual has one of three choices:
See the model to the right.
Understanding Prosocial Leadership
Prosocial Leadership Theory is not a new leadership theory but is a prosocial leadership development model that can be appended to existing leadership theories that have prosocial values. Many well-recognized leadership theories contain behaviors or values which are others directed or prosocial. Transformational Leadership, Authentic Leadership, the Social Change model, Ethical Leadership, Servant Leadership and Spiritual Leadership all contain others directed behaviors or values.
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